There are many types of felt we make.
Natural wool fibres are first layered to the desired weight then moistened with hot soapy water (=felting solution). Sandwiched between sheets of bubble wrap the fibres are manipulated until they bond into cloth up to 30% smaller than the initial shape. This process takes advantage of the inherent nature of wool and other animal hairs. The hairs are made up of unidirectional scales, and they are also naturally kinked. It is this combination, fibres react to the friction of the felting process, forcing the scales on the hairs to lock together and thus causing the phenomenon of felting. It tends to work well with wool fibres because their scales, when aggravated, readily bond together.
Wool is only one kind of ﬁbre that can be used in making this nonwoven cloth. There are hundreds of different wools and ﬁbres to choose from, each with its own unique properties and handling abilities. Different ﬁbres create different surface textures. Types of ﬁber that will felt (other than sheep's wool) are: Camel, Llama, Alpaca, Mohair goat, Cashmere goat, Yak, Angora rabbit, Beaver, Dog, Cat, human hair (think dredlocks).
A dry process of bonding fibers using barbed needles. The resulting pre-felt is firm enough to be cut into patterns, but needs to be either needled or wet felted till firm.
Using a hand held tool with up to 12 barbed needles, fibers or pre-felt can be bonded or sculpted into 3D shapes.
They can then be wet felted to make them firmer and smaller.
First developed in Australia in the 1990's the name is Japanese for cloth. A piece of chiffon is embellished or layered with wool fibers or pre-felt. It is then wet felted with a cold felting solution until the fibers have worked their way through the silk and bond to each other. Nuno felt is an extremely versatile fabric. It can be made in many weights to accommodate many different uses. Being much lighter in weight than traditional all-wool felt accounts for its wonderful movement and drape. Because of the range of weights possible with the cloth, very fashionable and exciting garments can be made.
Lace, netting and even woven willow can be used instead of chiffon.
A Japanese term for several methods of dyeing cloth with a pattern by binding, stitching, folding, twisting, compressing it, or capping. Some of these methods are known in the West as tie-dye.